As per Surya Sidhanta and Puraans, the duration of various cyclic periods, and there name is as follows:
THE FOUR YUGAS AND THE KALI YUGASatya Yuga 17, 28,000 yearsTreta Yuga 12, 96,000 yearsDwapar Yuga 8, 64,000 yearsKali Yuga 4,32,000 years ...Total duration of four yugs = 4,320,000 years
It is extremely important that the oldest culture of the world must contribute in modern day research in astronomy. It is true that we have contributed a lot in various astronomical researches, but because of the problem of real time and time used for computation, our astronomy is not contributing much in determining age of the earth and other related issues.
If you look at the figures provided above, one of the LCM in each case is 72. And 72 years is the modern day figure of Precession of Equinoxes to cross one degree. So for 360 deg., or one circle to be complete, the no. of years is 72x360= 25920 years. Precession of the Equinoxes refers to the precession of Earth's axis of rotation with respect to inertial space. The modern science has discovered this phenomenon about 150 years back, but the Hindus are using this from time immemorial. Even Cheiro, the famous Numerologist, Palmist and Astrologer have acknowledged this science having its origin in ancient India.
Going back to Vedanta Jyotish, we know that 360 degree cycle is to be divided into 12 house, or divisions of 30 degrees each; as such 60 cycles of precession of equinoxes, when placed in 12 divisions, shall provide 5 cycles in each house/ division.
First four div/house, or Satya yug = 25920x5x4=518400 yearsNext three div/hse. orTreta yug =25920x5x3= 388800 yearsNext two div/hse. or Dwaper Yug=25920x5x2 = 259200 yearsNext one div/hs. or KALYUG =25920x5x1 = 129600 yearsNext two div/hse or Sandhi =25920x5x2 =259200 yearsTOTAL 1,555,200 yearsAs such one Kalp is 1.56 million years.
There are 72 kalps in a Maha-kalp, which is actually 60 cycles plus 20% extra for sandhi or vacant period, when earth recharges itself and prepares for an altogether new human life. We are in the fourth Maha-kalp or Manavavtaar (some say this is seventh, but fourth is more likely), and in the fourth Maha-kalp, we are living in the 28th Kalp.
One Maha-Kalp = 72 Kalps= 1,555,200x72 = 111,974,400 yearsOne Kalp = 1,555,200 years or say 1.56 million yearsSatya Yug = 518,400 yearsTreta Yug = 388,800 yearsDwaper Yug = 259,200 yearsKALYUG = 129,600 yearsSandhi = 259,200 years
1.Thus the first four houses which constitute Satya Yug indicate birth of a new civilization, which slowly expands, uses valour, and help of likeminded families to establish settlements (home) or kingdoms. The third house indicates brothers and sisters. Vaanars the evolved humans are also indicated by 3rd house.
2.The fifth house constitutes children, the sixth, enemies, diseases, and the seventh is the first external house, indicating relationship. Treta Yug extends from fifth house to seventh house. The civilization in the kingdom were witnessing expansion, the new civilization (brothers and sisters) in jungles known as VAANARS WAS ALSO GROWING, when lord Vishnu in the form of Shri Ram took avatar, fought with Rakshas, forced kingdom to accept Vaanars as human being and then established RamRajya- the Dharm followed by the just rule of law which made everyone happy and is still the dream of every human being.
3.The eighth house is the house of mysteries and life. Life in itself is a mystery. And the ninth house, the house of Dharm and fortune. Dwaper Yug extends from eighth house to ninth house. Lord Krishna came on this earth towards the very end of ninth house and established Dharm after Mahabharat war. What happened in the interim period of eighth house is still a mystery. It seems that almost the entire life was destroyed in the Indian sub continent by massive floods as ancient history mentions that a new Manu once again took charge of taking the leftover people to safety. Sage Vishvamitra had to undertake a very serious ‘TAP’, towards the end of which an Apsara from heavens joined him and they had a daughter from this relationship.
It is important to understand that why Vishvamitra, who is a friend of the world (as the name suggests), had a daughter and not a son. A female gives us thoughts of nourishment, caring and fertility, whereas male gives us idea of brute force. With dwindling population, the world required nourishment, care and fertility. Shakuntala, the daughter of Maneka and Vishvamitra begot a son whose name was Bharat. Our country is still known as Bharat.
Another important information that we get from this part of ancient history is that all these development took place in South India, and later on the decedents of Bharat moved to Hastinapur, in North India. So our ancient history actually rubbishes the north south division theory. People who are settled in North India have actually migrated from South India.
4.Going back to Vedanta Jyotish and Yugs, after Dwaper Yug, we have Kalyug, and kalyug falls in the tenth house, which is the house of Karma, or action. The house of Karma is relatively easy to handle, as Karma is completely and absolutely in our hand. All actions get rewarded, and inaction does not bear any fruits. AS SUCH WE CAN NOT IGNORE AND BE A MUTE SPECTATOR TO WHAT IS HAPPENING IN OUR COUNTRY. We have to contribute by our action.
As per the Hindu history, during the last Maha-kalp or Manavavtaar, there was a serious division between Devtaas (gods) regarding the type of human race that should be developed. Daksh, the Prajapati (or in charge), wanted a human race which could not be destroyed. While Lord Shiv did not say anything, her wife Sati, strongly opposed it and sacrificed her life on the fire at the place where these efforts (yagna) were taking place. Lord Shiv destroyed everything pertaining to that YAGNA and killed Daksh. The destruction was extremely severe. Earth witnessed turmoil and massive changes after that.
The modern science says it is at least 70 million years. WHAT MORE DO YOU WANT FROM ANCIENT HINDU HISTORY?
- The definition of Kalp and Maha-Kalp has been changed in this article and is different from that provided in Purans and Surya Sidhant.
- All texts, accept 20% time as Sandhi, or the period of darkness, or NO LIFE, when earth recharges. This has been accepted and provided seperately between two Mahayugs or Kalp
- This article accepts one Kalp as one Mahayug..
- This article BELIEVES that we are in the fourth Manavavtar, and Sati was in the third. After Sati Sacrificed herself, Himalayas range expanded horizontally and vertically(larger and taller range).